Depression is a quite common illness which affects over 6.7% American adults every year. This is over 16 million adults. This illness is capable of making people lose interest in having good times in their lives and can cause complications in other illness to the point of wanting to commit suicide.
Depression is also common that anybody can suffer from it irrespective of age, race or ethnic group. It’s commonness, however, does not make it a normal part of life but like several other things in the world today, it is what it is. It happens and we have to deal with it. One sad fact about depression is only one-third of the number of people suffering from depression actually seek professional treatment. The other set of people that do not bother about treatment believe depression is not a serious illness which they can overcome by themselves. Some other people think it is a kind of body or mental weakness rather than a serious mental illness, so they do not bother seeking treatment and then it gets worse.
There are so many factors that have contributed to the commonness of depression in the world today. For some people, it is a combination of several factors, while for other it is due to a single factor and some just get depressed for no cogent reason.
- Cognitive Factors: These are factors that affect a person’s manner of thinking. Some people think negatively and some people have an extremely low self-esteem. These type of people are more than likely going to suffer from depression should anything go wrong in their lives.
- Medications: Depression can be caused by side-effects from some medications.
- Biological: Some people who are suffering from depression may have too much or too little neurotransmitters. Neurotransmitters are certain brain chemicals. When changes occur to these chemicals, depression arises.
- Genetic: An individual who has a family with a history of depression is highly likely going to suffer from it. Studies have shown that certain environmental factors combined with genes increase the risks for such individuals.
- Gender: Women are much more prone to suffer from depression than men. Although the reasons for this are not yet clear but the reasons are very much related to the several hormonal changes that occur in women during different phases like pregnancy, menopause, menstruation, and menopause. Women are also known to be highly active and multitasking individuals and these responsibilities may contribute to their risk of getting depressed.
- Situation: Life happens at times and sometimes certain events are not expected which can plunge an individual into a state of depression. These events include divorce, the death of a loved one, crumbling business, etc.
Many factors have contributed to the commonness of depression and the nonchalant attitude of people towards depression has further made it a common mental illness. People need to be sensitized on the dangers of depression and how to cope with it when they feel signs of getting depressed.